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config.c

/*
 * Configuration parameters shared between Wine server and clients
 *
 * Copyright 2002 Alexandre Julliard
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA
 */

#include "config.h"
#include "wine/port.h"

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
# include <unistd.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_PWD_H
#include <pwd.h>
#endif
#include "wine/library.h"

static const char server_config_dir[] = "/.wine";        /* config dir relative to $HOME */
static const char server_root_prefix[] = "/tmp/.wine-";  /* prefix for server root dir */
static const char server_dir_prefix[] = "/server-";      /* prefix for server dir */

static char *bindir;
static char *dlldir;
static char *datadir;
static char *config_dir;
static char *server_dir;
static char *build_dir;
static char *user_name;
static char *argv0_name;

#ifdef __GNUC__
static void fatal_error( const char *err, ... )  __attribute__((noreturn,format(printf,1,2)));
static void fatal_perror( const char *err, ... )  __attribute__((noreturn,format(printf,1,2)));
#endif

/* die on a fatal error */
static void fatal_error( const char *err, ... )
{
    va_list args;

    va_start( args, err );
    fprintf( stderr, "wine: " );
    vfprintf( stderr, err, args );
    va_end( args );
    exit(1);
}

/* die on a fatal error */
static void fatal_perror( const char *err, ... )
{
    va_list args;

    va_start( args, err );
    fprintf( stderr, "wine: " );
    vfprintf( stderr, err, args );
    perror( " " );
    va_end( args );
    exit(1);
}

/* malloc wrapper */
static void *xmalloc( size_t size )
{
    void *res;

    if (!size) size = 1;
    if (!(res = malloc( size ))) fatal_error( "virtual memory exhausted\n");
    return res;
}

/* strdup wrapper */
static char *xstrdup( const char *str )
{
    size_t len = strlen(str) + 1;
    char *res = xmalloc( len );
    memcpy( res, str, len );
    return res;
}

/* remove all trailing slashes from a path name */
static inline void remove_trailing_slashes( char *path )
{
    int len = strlen( path );
    while (len > 1 && path[len-1] == '/') path[--len] = 0;
}

/* build a path from the specified dir and name */
static char *build_path( const char *dir, const char *name )
{
    size_t len = strlen(dir);
    char *ret = xmalloc( len + strlen(name) + 2 );

    memcpy( ret, dir, len );
    if (len && ret[len-1] != '/') ret[len++] = '/';
    strcpy( ret + len, name );
    return ret;
}

/* return the directory that contains the library at run-time */
static char *get_runtime_libdir(void)
{
#ifdef HAVE_DLADDR
    Dl_info info;
    char *libdir;

    if (dladdr( get_runtime_libdir, &info ) && info.dli_fname[0] == '/')
    {
        const char *p = strrchr( info.dli_fname, '/' );
        unsigned int len = p - info.dli_fname;
        if (!len) len++;  /* include initial slash */
        libdir = xmalloc( len + 1 );
        memcpy( libdir, info.dli_fname, len );
        libdir[len] = 0;
        return libdir;
    }
#endif /* HAVE_DLADDR */
    return NULL;
}

/* return the directory that contains the main exe at run-time */
static char *get_runtime_bindir( const char *argv0 )
{
    char *p, *bindir, *cwd;
    size_t len, size;

#ifdef linux
    for (size = 256; ; size *= 2)
    {
        int ret;
        if (!(bindir = malloc( size ))) break;
        if ((ret = readlink( "/proc/self/exe", bindir, size )) == -1) break;
        if (ret != size)
        {
            if (!(p = memrchr( bindir, '/', ret ))) break;
            if (p == bindir) p++;
            *p = 0;
            return bindir;
        }
        free( bindir );
    }
    free( bindir );
#endif

    if (!(p = strrchr( argv0, '/' ))) return NULL;

    len = p - argv0;
    if (!len) len++;  /* include leading slash */

    if (argv0[0] == '/')  /* absolute path */
    {
        bindir = xmalloc( len + 1 );
        memcpy( bindir, argv0, len );
        bindir[len] = 0;
    }
    else
    {
        /* relative path, make it absolute */
        for (size = 256 + len; ; size *= 2)
        {
            if (!(cwd = malloc( size ))) return NULL;
            if (getcwd( cwd, size - len ))
            {
                bindir = cwd;
                cwd += strlen(cwd);
                *cwd++ = '/';
                memcpy( cwd, argv0, len );
                cwd[len] = 0;
                break;
            }
            free( cwd );
            if (errno != ERANGE) return NULL;
        }
    }
    return bindir;
}

/* initialize the server directory value */
static void init_server_dir( dev_t dev, ino_t ino )
{
    char *p;
#ifdef HAVE_GETUID
    const unsigned int uid = getuid();
#else
    const unsigned int uid = 0;
#endif

    server_dir = xmalloc( sizeof(server_root_prefix) + 32 + sizeof(server_dir_prefix) +
                          2*sizeof(dev) + 2*sizeof(ino) );
    sprintf( server_dir, "%s%u%s", server_root_prefix, uid, server_dir_prefix );
    p = server_dir + strlen(server_dir);

    if (sizeof(dev) > sizeof(unsigned long) && dev > ~0UL)
        p += sprintf( p, "%lx%08lx-", (unsigned long)((unsigned long long)dev >> 32), (unsigned long)dev );
    else
        p += sprintf( p, "%lx-", (unsigned long)dev );

    if (sizeof(ino) > sizeof(unsigned long) && ino > ~0UL)
        sprintf( p, "%lx%08lx", (unsigned long)((unsigned long long)ino >> 32), (unsigned long)ino );
    else
        sprintf( p, "%lx", (unsigned long)ino );
}

/* retrieve the default dll dir */
const char *get_dlldir( const char **default_dlldir )
{
    *default_dlldir = DLLDIR;
    return dlldir;
}

/* initialize all the paths values */
static void init_paths(void)
{
    struct stat st;

    const char *home = getenv( "HOME" );
    const char *user = NULL;
    const char *prefix = getenv( "WINEPREFIX" );

#ifdef HAVE_GETPWUID
    char uid_str[32];
    struct passwd *pwd = getpwuid( getuid() );

    if (pwd)
    {
        user = pwd->pw_name;
        if (!home) home = pwd->pw_dir;
    }
    if (!user)
    {
        sprintf( uid_str, "%lu", (unsigned long)getuid() );
        user = uid_str;
    }
#else  /* HAVE_GETPWUID */
    if (!(user = getenv( "USER" )))
        fatal_error( "cannot determine your user name, set the USER environment variable\n" );
#endif  /* HAVE_GETPWUID */
    user_name = xstrdup( user );

    /* build config_dir */

    if (prefix)
    {
        config_dir = xstrdup( prefix );
        remove_trailing_slashes( config_dir );
        if (config_dir[0] != '/')
            fatal_error( "invalid directory %s in WINEPREFIX: not an absolute path\n", prefix );
        if (stat( config_dir, &st ) == -1)
        {
            if (errno == ENOENT) return;  /* will be created later on */
            fatal_perror( "cannot open %s as specified in WINEPREFIX", config_dir );
        }
    }
    else
    {
        if (!home) fatal_error( "could not determine your home directory\n" );
        if (home[0] != '/') fatal_error( "your home directory %s is not an absolute path\n", home );
        config_dir = xmalloc( strlen(home) + sizeof(server_config_dir) );
        strcpy( config_dir, home );
        remove_trailing_slashes( config_dir );
        strcat( config_dir, server_config_dir );
        if (stat( config_dir, &st ) == -1)
        {
            if (errno == ENOENT) return;  /* will be created later on */
            fatal_perror( "cannot open %s", config_dir );
        }
    }
    if (!S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) fatal_error( "%s is not a directory\n", config_dir );
#ifdef HAVE_GETUID
    if (st.st_uid != getuid()) fatal_error( "%s is not owned by you\n", config_dir );
#endif

    init_server_dir( st.st_dev, st.st_ino );
}

/* check if bindir is valid by checking for wineserver */
static int is_valid_bindir( const char *bindir )
{
    struct stat st;
    char *path = build_path( bindir, "wineserver" );
    int ret = (stat( path, &st ) != -1);
    free( path );
    return ret;
}

/* check if basedir is a valid build dir by checking for wineserver and ntdll */
/* helper for running_from_build_dir */
static inline int is_valid_build_dir( char *basedir, int baselen )
{
    struct stat st;

    strcpy( basedir + baselen, "/server/wineserver" );
    if (stat( basedir, &st ) == -1) return 0;  /* no wineserver found */
    /* check for ntdll too to make sure */
    strcpy( basedir + baselen, "/dlls/ntdll/ntdll.dll.so" );
    if (stat( basedir, &st ) == -1) return 0;  /* no ntdll found */

    basedir[baselen] = 0;
    return 1;
}

/* check if we are running from the build directory */
static char *running_from_build_dir( const char *basedir )
{
    const char *p;
    char *path;

    /* remove last component from basedir */
    p = basedir + strlen(basedir) - 1;
    while (p > basedir && *p == '/') p--;
    while (p > basedir && *p != '/') p--;
    if (p == basedir) return NULL;
    path = xmalloc( p - basedir + sizeof("/dlls/ntdll/ntdll.dll.so") );
    memcpy( path, basedir, p - basedir );

    if (!is_valid_build_dir( path, p - basedir ))
    {
        /* remove another component */
        while (p > basedir && *p == '/') p--;
        while (p > basedir && *p != '/') p--;
        if (p == basedir || !is_valid_build_dir( path, p - basedir ))
        {
            free( path );
            return NULL;
        }
    }
    return path;
}

/* initialize the argv0 path */
void wine_init_argv0_path( const char *argv0 )
{
    const char *basename;
    char *libdir;

    if (!(basename = strrchr( argv0, '/' ))) basename = argv0;
    else basename++;

    bindir = get_runtime_bindir( argv0 );
    libdir = get_runtime_libdir();

    if (bindir && !is_valid_bindir( bindir ))
    {
        build_dir = running_from_build_dir( bindir );
        free( bindir );
        bindir = NULL;
    }
    if (libdir && !bindir && !build_dir)
    {
        build_dir = running_from_build_dir( libdir );
        if (!build_dir) bindir = build_path( libdir, LIB_TO_BINDIR );
    }

    if (build_dir)
    {
        argv0_name = build_path( "loader/", basename );
    }
    else
    {
        if (libdir) dlldir = build_path( libdir, LIB_TO_DLLDIR );
        else if (bindir) dlldir = build_path( bindir, BIN_TO_DLLDIR );

        if (bindir) datadir = build_path( bindir, BIN_TO_DATADIR );
        argv0_name = xstrdup( basename );
    }
    free( libdir );
}

/* return the configuration directory ($WINEPREFIX or $HOME/.wine) */
const char *wine_get_config_dir(void)
{
    if (!config_dir) init_paths();
    return config_dir;
}

/* retrieve the wine data dir */
const char *wine_get_data_dir(void)
{
    return datadir;
}

/* retrieve the wine build dir (if we are running from there) */
const char *wine_get_build_dir(void)
{
    return build_dir;
}

/* return the full name of the server directory (the one containing the socket) */
const char *wine_get_server_dir(void)
{
    if (!server_dir)
    {
        if (!config_dir) init_paths();
        else
        {
            struct stat st;

            if (stat( config_dir, &st ) == -1)
            {
                if (errno != ENOENT) fatal_error( "cannot stat %s\n", config_dir );
                return NULL;  /* will have to try again once config_dir has been created */
            }
            init_server_dir( st.st_dev, st.st_ino );
        }
    }
    return server_dir;
}

/* return the current user name */
const char *wine_get_user_name(void)
{
    if (!user_name) init_paths();
    return user_name;
}

/* return the standard version string */
const char *wine_get_version(void)
{
    return PACKAGE_VERSION;
}

/* return the build id string */
const char *wine_get_build_id(void)
{
    extern const char wine_build[];
    return wine_build;
}

/* exec a binary using the preloader if requested; helper for wine_exec_wine_binary */
static void preloader_exec( char **argv, int use_preloader )
{
#if defined(linux) && defined(__i386__)
    if (use_preloader)
    {
        static const char preloader[] = "wine-preloader";
        char *p, *full_name;
        char **last_arg = argv, **new_argv;

        if (!(p = strrchr( argv[0], '/' ))) p = argv[0];
        else p++;

        full_name = xmalloc( p - argv[0] + sizeof(preloader) );
        memcpy( full_name, argv[0], p - argv[0] );
        memcpy( full_name + (p - argv[0]), preloader, sizeof(preloader) );

        /* make a copy of argv */
        while (*last_arg) last_arg++;
        new_argv = xmalloc( (last_arg - argv + 2) * sizeof(*argv) );
        memcpy( new_argv + 1, argv, (last_arg - argv + 1) * sizeof(*argv) );
        new_argv[0] = full_name;
        execv( full_name, new_argv );
        free( new_argv );
        free( full_name );
        return;
    }
#endif
    execv( argv[0], argv );
}

/* exec a wine internal binary (either the wine loader or the wine server) */
void wine_exec_wine_binary( const char *name, char **argv, const char *env_var )
{
    const char *path, *pos, *ptr;
    int use_preloader = 0;

    if (!name)  /* no name means default loader */
    {
        name = argv0_name;
        use_preloader = 1;
    }

    if ((ptr = strrchr( name, '/' )))
    {
        /* if we are in build dir and name contains a path, try that */
        if (build_dir)
        {
            argv[0] = build_path( build_dir, name );
            preloader_exec( argv, use_preloader );
            free( argv[0] );
        }
        name = ptr + 1;  /* get rid of path */
    }

    /* first, bin directory from the current libdir or argv0 */
    if (bindir)
    {
        argv[0] = build_path( bindir, name );
        preloader_exec( argv, use_preloader );
        free( argv[0] );
    }

    /* then specified environment variable */
    if (env_var)
    {
        argv[0] = (char *)env_var;
        preloader_exec( argv, use_preloader );
    }

    /* now search in the Unix path */
    if ((path = getenv( "PATH" )))
    {
        argv[0] = xmalloc( strlen(path) + strlen(name) + 2 );
        pos = path;
        for (;;)
        {
            while (*pos == ':') pos++;
            if (!*pos) break;
            if (!(ptr = strchr( pos, ':' ))) ptr = pos + strlen(pos);
            memcpy( argv[0], pos, ptr - pos );
            strcpy( argv[0] + (ptr - pos), "/" );
            strcat( argv[0] + (ptr - pos), name );
            preloader_exec( argv, use_preloader );
            pos = ptr;
        }
        free( argv[0] );
    }

    /* and finally try BINDIR */
    argv[0] = build_path( BINDIR, name );
    preloader_exec( argv, use_preloader );
    free( argv[0] );
}

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